The modern triangular square, with a central fountain, is the result of several rearrangements operated between the XIX and the XX century. The original medieval square (XIII-XIV cent.), named Campus Cepollati was the main public area of the Cepollati district. Here is where the markets – especially the ones related to the Madonna di Mezzagosto festivities – took place. Piazza Cipollata was, and still is, one of the most interesting areas of the Old Town for both its position (it is directly connected to Porta Romana, Porta Maggio and Corso A. Garibaldi), and for its stunning and strategic views over San Domenico and Monte Sant’Angelo hills.
Although the modern square-shaped piazza (about 100 sq.m.) was built in the 1960s, the name Campo de’ fioridates back to the XVI century when the area belonged to the homonymous contrada which had originated from the medieval Regio Dominicalia (XII-XV cent). The square holds a monumental, historical and urbanistic value. It is first of allconnected to Corso A. Gabibaldi (formerly Via Appia) to the north, Piazza Assorati to the West and Via Greggi and contrada Posterula to the South, and secondly, there are two outstanding Roman domus built between the XII and the XIII century.
This medieval piazza (XIII-XIV cent.) is located in the “Cancella” contrada (from which the name Cancelli). In fact, the square used to be the central courtyard of a cluster of buildings developed according to the main road axes. On each side of the courtyard, facing both the square and the adjoining roads (Via Appia to the North, Via Posterula to the East), are a group of gothic domus. Such a structure represents the attempt to reorganize the town in a more efficient and regular way.
Its modern rectangular square (200 sq.m.) corresponds to an original and larger medieval public space (XIII-XIV cent.) located in the contrada Posterula. The square opens onto Via Posterula (which leads to Piazza Cancelli and Piazza de Tassis) to the west and onto the current Corso A. Garibaldi and Via delle Scalette to the south. The functions of the piazza are linked to the mercantile character of the contrada, while it is named after the southern city gate of “Portula” or “Posterula”. Thus, the square takes on a great historical, urbanistic and monumental value. Last but not least, Piazza Posterula, overlooking the sea, offers a breathtaking view.
With its elongated rectangular shape (approx. 220 sq.m.), the modern square has medieval origins. It is the result of the collapse of a portion of the ancient Aemilianum Forum’s third substruction. Today the square is erroneously dedicated to the Italian writer Torquato Tasso, whereas its actual name De Tassis comes from the noble Roman De Taxis family, who built their palace just here at the end of the XVI century. The building was later acquired and renovated by Pope Pio VI Braschi at the end of the XVIII century. Not only does Piazza De Tassis hold an evident historical and urbanistic value (it is connected to Piazza and Via Posterula to the west and to Via Sottosusto and Piazza Municipio to the east), but it is also of great monumental importance (it is enclosed between the Bishop’s Palace, de Tassis Palace and the now lost Church of Santa Maria in Posterula).
With its tapered rectangular shape, Piazza Domitilla (about 700 sq. m.) has modern origins. It is named after the now lost church of Santa Domitilla, which was located on the north-east side of the area. The original space, corresponding to the south side, as well as Palazzo della Bonificazione Pontina were enlarged to today’s dimension around the mid XIX century, through a significant urban and architectonic redevelopment of the area. At the centre of the square sits a monumental fountain representing l’Eté (the Summer), which dates back to the second half of the XIX century. The fountain is an original French cast-iron work from the Val D’Osne foundry. Today the square, with its important road connections, the archeological and architectonical context in which it is located and the stunning views onto the sea, holds an enormous urbanistic, historical, monumental and panoramic value.
The square is rectangular (450 sq.m.) and has a fountain at its centre. It was developed in the second half of the XX century, after the damage caused by World War II. It is named after the near medieval “Porta Nuova” (New Gate) and the homonymous road, both built on pre-existing structures. The square is effectively connected to many important roads (Via Anxur to the north, Viadelle Mura Castellane and Via della Catena to the west, Via La Palma to the east and Corso A. Garibaldi and Piazza Municipio to the south). The several archeological sites in the area (the town walls, the Roman Theatre, The Capitol etc.) give Piazza Porta Nuova a significant monumental value.
This modern two-level square, with its irregular rectangular shape (about 1150 sq.m.), was developed in the second half of the XX century, like Piazza Porta Nuova. It takes its name from one of the most important XVIII-XIX century families in town, whose residence sat on the south side of the area, near the Madonna dei Martiri Chapel. Piazza Assorati has a great urbanistic and monumental value: firstly, for its important road connections (Via S. Eusbeio and Via S. Valentino to the west, Via Greggi and Via Campo de’ Fiori to the East, Via SS. Martiri to the South and Corso A. Garibaldi to the North); secondly, for its numerous archeological structures and the modern and medieval buildings that surround the area.
The medieval square has a tapered rectangular shape (about 350 sq.m.) and a public fountain. Its original name, “Platea S. Laurentii”, derives from the nearby Church of San Lorenzo. When the latter was reconsecrated and dedicated to San Giovanni at the end of the XVII century, the name of the square changed accordingly. In the XIX century, the area took on the name Piazza di Porta Maggio, from the name of the city gate demolished between 1783 and 1786. The designation was mistakenly changed into Piazza XXIV Maggio in the second half of the XX century. The area holds both a historical-urbanistic and a monumental importance.
where history overlooks the sea
Progetto Rete d'Imprese "Terracina Alta"
Centro Storico Terracina
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